Adam Bouland (UCB) “Computational pseudorandomness, the wormhole growth paradox, and constraints on the AdS/CFT duality”

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Abstract: A fundamental issue in the AdS/CFT correspondence is the wormhole growth paradox. Susskind’s conjectured resolution of the paradox was to equate the volume of the wormhole with the circuit complexity of its dual quantum state in the CFT. We study the ramifications of this conjecture from a complexity-theoretic perspective. Specifically we give evidence for the existence of computationally pseudorandom states in the CFT, and argue that wormhole volume is measureable in a non-physical but computational sense, by amalgamating the experiences of multiple observers in the wormhole. In other words the conjecture equates a quantity which is difficult to compute with one which is easy to compute. The pseudorandomness argument further implies that this is a necessary feature of any resolution of the wormhole growth paradox, not just of Susskind’s Complexity=Volume conjecture. As a corollary we conclude that either the AdS/CFT dictionary map must be exponentially complex, or the quantum Extended Church-Turing thesis must be false in quantum gravity.

This talk is based on joint work with Bill Fefferman and Umesh Vazirani. arXiv:1910.14646